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How long do 4 cylinder diesel engines last?

01. 28, 2022

Diesel engines are an impressive display of engineering ability. They are considered to be some of the most reliable and durable pieces of machinery available. Naturally, they are used in some of the world's largest and most innovative motor vehicles.

But it is normal for your car's gasoline engine to run for around 200,000 miles before it needs a major overhaul or requires a new car. But diesel engines can run for an impressive 1,000,000-1,500,000 miles continuously before any major work is required. In fact, a well-maintained diesel engine can be on the road for 30 years or more

- what makes a diesel engine so much better than a gasoline engine? How do diesel engines have such a long service life?


starts with the difference between a gasoline engine and a diesel engine

What makes a diesel engine so different and so much longer lasting than a gasoline engine? Firstly, there are significant differences in the design of diesel and gasoline engines.

Diesel engines have larger crankshafts, camshafts and cylinders, as well as larger bearing sizes. This means that there is more room in the engine for more oil to move freely. The larger oil and coolant capacity of a diesel engine means better lubrication and less wear. In fact, the average gasoline engine will use about a gallon of oil, while a large diesel engine can use up to 15 gallons.

A gasoline engine is not gear driven, which means it uses timing belts, chains, pumps and other components that are more prone to damage and more frequent breakdowns. In addition to better self-regulation of oil and fuel temperatures, diesel engines generally have better fuel economy and are considered by some to be better for the environment. According to OSV Ltd, they perform better due to more powerful fuel injection systems, better torque and the diesel fuel itself.

Diesel has the consistency of a light oil, which means that it lubricates as it flows through any cylinder. Gasoline, on the other hand, is more of a solvent. According to Indiana Diesel, this means that gasoline is more acidic than diesel fuel and can burn on surfaces, causing corrosion and damage. Diesel fuel is far less volatile than gasoline and petrol only needs a spark to ignite.

A gasoline engine will produce anything between 2,500 and 3,500 RPM (revolutions per minute), while a diesel engine will push out anything between 1,300 and 1,600 RPM. While this larger figure may seem like a good thing, gasoline engines do twice as much work as diesel engines at the same performance. This is why gasoline-powered engines experience more wear and tear at lower mileage.

reasons of diesel engines long last

In summary the longevity, durability and reliability of diesel engines is due to three main reasons.


The overall design of the diesel engine:

 Diesel engines are designed to be gear driven. Unlike other parts that can break or be damaged, gears can be easily repaired and never lose their timing. Most diesel vehicles may also use gear-driven water pumps and oil pumps. This reduces the risk of parts and components failing.

Vehicles with diesel engines are often made from heavy duty components that can withstand the power of the vehicle, which means less wear and tear on each part of the engine. 

The self-cooling function of diesel engines is also great, which makes them much less likely to overheat. The use of multiple sensors and thermostats means that when one fails, there are other sensors and thermostats to prevent the engine from overheating. Multiple piston cooling nozzles also ensure that a constant flow of coolant flows freely through the engine.

In order to use its fuel to power itself, the diesel engine uses compression ignition. This occurs when the diesel fuel and air are compressed enough to generate heat, which leads to spontaneous combustion. Spontaneous combustion is more beneficial for engines that are long-lasting and durable.



Fuels used in diesel engines:

 Another reason why diesel engines last longer than gas engines is the fuel they burn. Diesel fuel is a distillate fuel produced mainly from crude oil, which makes diesel engines' cylinders wear slower than gasoline engines. This gives diesel fuel its lubricating properties, which in turn extends the overall life of the engine. In contrast, gasoline is made primarily from aromatic hydrocarbons, which act like harsh and corrosive solvents. This lack of lubricity can lead to excessive wear on engine components. Diesel engines also have a lower exhaust gas temperature (EGT), which also contributes to their longevity. Although diesel fuel has more British Thermal Units (BTUs) at 139,000 compared to 115,000 BTUs for gasoline, the laws of thermodynamics suggest that the expansion rate of a diesel engine with a higher compression ratio can actually cool the exhaust gases faster. Combined with the lower auto-ignition temperature of diesel (around 410°F) compared to the 495°F of gasoline, the initial flame front is cooler. Diesel engines also run at a thinner air-fuel ratio, which can range from 25:1 to 70:1, compared to 12:1 to 16:1 for gasoline. the thinner air-fuel ratio helps to cool the EGT. gasoline also burns much faster than diesel. Because of the slower laminar flow of flame during combustion in diesel engines, there is less impact on rotating components, which helps to further improve their durability. Combined with the lower auto-ignition temperature of diesel (around 410°F) compared to the 495°F of gasoline, the initial flame front is cooler. Diesel engines also run at a thinner air-fuel ratio, which can range from 25:1 to 70:1, compared to 12:1 to 16:1 for gasoline. the thinner air-fuel ratio helps to cool the EGT. gasoline also burns much faster than diesel. Because of the slower laminar flow of flame during combustion in diesel engines, there is less impact on rotating components, which helps to further improve their durability. Combined with the lower auto-ignition temperature of diesel (around 410°F) compared to the 495°F of gasoline, the initial flame front is cooler. Diesel engines also run at a thinner air-fuel ratio, which can range from 25:1 to 70:1, compared to 12:1 to 16:1 for gasoline. the thinner air-fuel ratio helps to cool the EGT. gasoline also burns much faster than diesel. Because of the slower laminar flow of flame during combustion in diesel engines, there is less impact on rotating components, which helps to further improve their durability.



Diesel engines are widely used in a variety of applications: 

they have been used in submarines and ships since the 1910s. They were subsequently used in locomotives, buses, trucks, heavy equipment, agricultural equipment and power plants. In the 1930s, they slowly began to be used in some cars. Since the 1970s, the use of diesel engines in large on- and off-road vehicles in the USA has increased



fawde diesel engines advantages

The GB 6 powertrain is the core technology of the vehicle. The GB6 fawde diesel engines platform is characterised by high efficiency, reliability and long life. With "green, low-carbon, intelligent" technology as the core, the fawde diesel engines have high-efficiency and low-pollution EGR combustion technology, high-efficiency supercharging and ventilation technology, and intelligent safety brake control technology. fawde diesel engines are set to take a new leap forward in technology and value.

EURO V 4 cylinder diesel engines CA6DL2 series 

EURO V 4 cylinder diesel engines CA6DL2 series

EURO V 4 cylinder diesel engines CA4DLD series

EURO V 4 cylinder diesel engines CA4DLD series


We can supply more durable and better performing diesel engines, if interested please ask!


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